Miracles are Magic by Another Name

Part 1 of a 7-Part Series — Why People Believe in Miracles and Other Kinds of Magic

magic_book_by_boordaf-d8rws8nIf it looks like a duck, and quacks like a duck, we have at least to consider the possibility that we have a small aquatic bird of the family Anatidae on our hands. – Douglas Adams

Why do so many Christians believe in miracles? Former Evangelical minister, John Loftus—now author of skeptical books and founder of the website, Debunking Christianity—asked me to address this question as part of an upcoming anthology, The Case Against Miracles.

One obvious answer is that Christians believe because our ancestors did. Handed-down religious beliefs are remarkably powerful and change-resistant, and Christian belief in miracles dates all the way back to the beginnings of Jesus worship. In fact, it dates back even further, back into the beginnings of the Hebrew religion and the earlier religions of the Ancient Near East from which the Hebrew stories and beliefs emerged.

Christianity was born at a time in history when every religion included a belief in magic or miracles. Miraculous healings, natural “signs and wonders,” good things magically happening to good people and (even more satisfying) bad people magically getting what they deserve . . .

Belief in all of these was the norm, along with the conviction that we humans can draw magic to ourselves by attracting the attention of supernatural beings, engaging in certain rituals, eating or drinking special foods, touching objects with talismanic powers, and more. What would have been truly miraculous would have been the emergence of Christian texts and traditions that didn’t include magical thinking.

That would have been a real wonder.

You can tell from the language I just used, that I see the Christian belief in miracles as a subset of humanity’s broader belief in magic. Christians for centuries have claimed that what they call miracles are somehow different than magic. They have claimed this, typically, while believing in other kinds of magic. The Bible writers and Church fathers were no exception. The Bible and the traditional Christian worldview include all manner of supernatural beings with special powers. In the Bible itself, this includes disembodied spirits, angels, devils, unicorns, dragons, seers, human sorcerers and witches, enchanted animals, and a whole pantheon of deities.

Many modern fundamentalists, at least in their own minds, continue to inhabit this wonderland. They believe that an invisible ethereal plane underlies the physical world, and that our lives are part of a cosmic battle between the forces of good and evil which spills from the otherworldly plane into this one. Magic, for them, still exists. On the website, Got Answers, one believer tried to clarify the difference between magic and miracles. His answer reflects the thinking of many other Bible believers:

“Basically, magic and miracles differ in their source: magic has either a human or demonic source, but miracles are a supernatural work of God. . . . “Magic is an attempt to circumvent God in the acquisition of knowledge or power. . . . “Miracles and magic sometimes look the same, but their goals are different. Magic and illusion distract the eye from reality, while miracles draw the eye to reality. Miracles reveal; magic hides. Miracles are an expression of creative power; magic uses what already exists. Miracles are a gift; magic is a studied skill. Miracles do not glorify men; magic seeks to be noticed and bring glory to the magician. Jesus was not a magician. He was the Son of God, known for His many miracles.”

Got that? Miracles are the magical stuff done by the Christian God or his proxies. Magic is the magical stuff done by the competition. The latter is bad, bad, bad, because it might trick you into worshiping someone or something else. And it’s real! The Occult. The Dark Arts. Keep your kids away from Harry Potter.

For those of us who don’t believe that any supernatural stuff is done by either the Christian god or any other gods for that matter—the distinction is little more than a cloud of smoke from an illusionist’s mist-making machine. It is just one of the many tedious ways that Christianity claims to be different—not a religion but a relationship, not man-made like all the others, not polytheistic like Hinduism, not antiquated like the fairy tales of Pagan Europe, and definitely not a bundle of superstitious woo like New Age wonders involving crystals and incantations. I find Christian exceptionalism of this sort—philosophers call it special pleading—to be narcissistic and irksome, and I’m going to use the terms miracle and magic interchangeably.

But I digress. It is true that specific Christian beliefs about miracles and magic are products of a specific handed-down tradition, kept alive by the architecture of the Church and the flow of history. But Christians are not alone in their miracle belief. Nearly 8 in 10 Americans say they believe in miracles, including almost 20 percent of nonbelievers.

The fact is, most all of us find ourselves attracted to magic, even if we are firmly convinced it isn’t real. People flock by the thousands to marvel at tricks performed by illusionists. Viewers flock by the millions to watch movies about super-villains and superheroes with superpowers. Young Adult fiction is dominated by genres like fantasy and science fiction and even paranormal romance. We humans love us some magic!

So, to answer the question, Why do Christians believe in miracles? we really have to ask—Why do we all love magic so much, child and adult, skeptic and believer alike? Why does magic so delight and call to us that it emerges in a myriad of different forms when we are given the freedom to build worlds from the unconstrained raw material of the human imagination? And what are the habits of mind that make us so prone not only to create magical stories but to believe the ones that have been handed down by our parents, and their parents, and their parents before them all the way back into the shadowy mists of pre-history?

If you don’t want to miss the rest of this 7-part series, subscribe at Valerie Tarico.com. Part 2 can be found here

Valerie Tarico is a psychologist and writer in Seattle, Washington. She is the author of Trusting Doubt: A Former Evangelical Looks at Old Beliefs in a New Light and Deas and Other Imaginings, and the founder of www.WisdomCommons.org.  Her articles about religion, reproductive health, and the role of women in society have been featured at sites including The Huffington Post, Salon, The Independent, Free Inquiry, The Humanist, AlterNet, Raw Story, Grist, Jezebel, and the Institute for Ethics and Emerging Technologies.  Subscribe at ValerieTarico.com.

About Valerie Tarico

Seattle psychologist and writer. Author - Trusting Doubt; Deas and Other Imaginings.
This entry was posted in Cognitive Science and Christianity, Musings & Rants: Christianity, Uncategorized and tagged , , , , , , . Bookmark the permalink.

11 Responses to Miracles are Magic by Another Name

  1. Bret Gross says:

    Thanks for the Adams quote. Now I’m off to practice throwing myself at the ground and missing – though not intentionally!

    Liked by 1 person

  2. munroe scott says:

    Great. I can hardly wait for the rest of the series.


  3. Perry Bulwer says:

    When I was a fundamentalist Christian who believed in miracles, I was convinced that illusionists were performing real magic. Then I became an atheist and rejected magical thinking. I still enjoy watching magicians, even though I now know its not magic, merely illusion. I like Penn & Teller’s approach, revealing how some of their tricks are done to help dispel the notion that magic is real.

    Liked by 2 people

  4. Katharine Bressler says:

    I like Starhawk’s (pagan priestess) definition of magick: “The art of changing consciousness at will.” I’ll take that over miracles any day!


  5. bewilderbeast says:

    Clever magic is delightful and thrills me. I love seeing a good trick performed well.
    Lying disgusts me.


  6. Dave r says:

    When we can not see how something caused an action, it is easy to believe that it was done by magic. Children who have not yet comprehended cause and effect believe in magic. Children and adults who have been abused often have subconscious reactions to stimuli or have a PTSD reaction to certain events. When we don’t recognize the cause, it is easy to believe in magic or supernatural causes to such reactions. “He cast a spell over me.” “I don’t know why I did something.” When we do not understand how something was done, it is easy then to invoke magic, aliens, or supernatural.

    Liked by 2 people

    • koppieop says:

      — When we don’t recognize the cause, it is easy to believe in magic —
      Fortunately, also recognizing it, I think. For example, the birth of a child – or any other visible start of life, I was present at the arrival of my first child, and 61+ years later those moments, with nothing supernatural about cause and effect, remain in my memory as pure magic.


    • Marcie says:

      Narcissists are another group who live in a fantasy world that exists only in their own minds. Most are consciously aware they’re creating the different personas, histories, resumes, etc, they present to those around them in various settings, but they’ve blended these fictions so seamlessly with little bits of the truth and repeated the stories so often that they’ve literally replaced the actual memories stored in the long-term memory with their fictional life history. This same phenomena has also been found in cases of childhood abuse and other trauma survivors’ brains. While it’s possible for most such individuals to consciously access those original memories, it does not usually occur until the psychological effects of the original trauma or the negative effects their unhealthy coping mechanisms have had on their lives, relationships and health finally cause them to seek therapy.


  7. richardzanesmith says:

    It is interesting how Christians can laugh at the story of little Jesus turning clay birds into real birds making them fly and say “see? that is so lame-its obviously not scripture”, but the feeding of 5000+ with a boys lunch with twelve baskets left over is taken as “sure, thats my Lord! THAT’s a historical truth”


    • Those stories of Jesus as a kid come from second century sources that did not know Jesus’ earliest followers or eyewitnesses to his life. The earliest and most reliable sources are the four gospels as well as the NT. Second century sources were written by people who had no access to the early church or eyewitnesses.


  8. Pingback: Bible Study w/ Valerie Tarico | Citizen Teacher

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